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  •   State: 
    New Hampshire
    Hillsborough County
      County FIPS: 
    42°45′27″N 71°27′52″W
      Area total: 
    31.73 sq mi (82.19 km²)
      Area land: 
    30.83 sq mi (79.86 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.90 sq mi (2.33 km²)
    151 ft (46 m)
    1655; Settled 1655 Town 1746 City 1853
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Manchester-Nashua, NH
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Nashua, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,961.73 residents per square mile of area (1,143.52/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 

Nashua is a city in southern New Hampshire, United States. At the 2020 census, it had a population of 91,322, the second-largest in northern New England after nearby Manchester. Built around the now-departed textile industry, in recent decades Nashua's economy has shifted to the financial services, high tech, and defense industries. The South Nashua commercial district is a major regional shopping destination, lying directly on the Massachusetts border and taking advantage of New Hampshire's lack of sales tax. Nashua was three times named one of the "Best Places to Live in America" in annual surveys by Money magazine, most recently in 2022. It is one of many cities nicknamed "Gate City" because they are seen as the entry point, or gateway, to a region. The area was part of a 200-square-mile (520 km²) tract of land in Massachusetts called "Dunstable", named after Edward Tyng of Dunstable in England. Located at the confluence of the Nashua and Merrimack rivers, Dunstable was first settled about 1654 as a fur trading town. In 1842, the town split into two towns. Eleven years later, they joined back together under the name "N Nashua", and were re-incorporated as a city. During the split, the northern area, known today as "French Hill", called itself "Nashville", while the southern part kept the name Nashua. The arrival of Sanders Associates in the 1970s made the city part of the Boston-area high-tech corridor. Sanders Associates also played a key role in the development of the home video game console market.


Nashua is a city in New Hampshire, United States. It is located at the confluence of the Nashua and Merrimack rivers. Nashua was first settled about 1654 as a fur trading town. In 1842, the town split into two towns. Eleven years later, they joined back together under the name "Nash Hua" and were re-incorporated as a city. The Nashua River was named by the Nashaway people, and in the Penacook language it means "beautiful stream with a pebbly bottom", with an alternative meaning of "land between two rivers" In the 1970s, the arrival of Digital Equipment Corp., now part of Hewlett-Packard, made the city part of the Boston-area high-tech corridor. Sanders Associates, a newly created defense firm, moved into one of the closed mills and helped restart the city's economy. The company also developed what would become the Magnavox Odyssey, the first commercial home video game system, in the 1950s. The city was named after Edward Tyng of Dunstable in England, named after Tyng's son, who was born in Dunstable, Massachusetts in 1654. The town is located on a 200-square-mile (520 km²) tract of land in Massachusetts called "Dunstable", named afterTyng's father, who died in 1673. In 1732, Dunstable was split along the Merrimacks River, with the town of Nottingham West created out of the eastern portion of the town.


Nashua is in southeastern Hillsborough County. It is bordered to the south by Middlesex County, Massachusetts. The highest point in Nashua is Gilboa Hill in the southern part of the city, at 426 feet (130 m) above sea level. The city has a four-season humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with short spring and autumn transitions, long humid and warm summers, and cold winters full of snow. Snowfall, the heaviest of which typically comes from nor'easters, averages around 55 inches (140 cm) per season, but can vary widely from year to year. On average, there are 9.4 days of 90 °F (32 °C) highs and 8.7 days of sub-0 °C (18 °F) lows. Precipitation is well-spread throughout the year, though winter is the driest. The Nashua River roughly bisects the city. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 22.7°F (5.2°C) in January to 70.9°C (21.6°F) in July. Nashua has a total area of 31.7 square miles (82.2 km²), of which 30.8 sq miles (79.9 km²) are land and 0.89sq miles (2.3km²) is water, comprising 2.84% of thecity. The eastern boundary of Nashua. is formed by the Merrimack River, and the city is drained by the Nashua river and Salmon Brook. Pennichuck Brook forms the city's northern boundary.


As of the census of 2010, there were 86,494 people, 35,044 households, and 21,876 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 83.4% White, 2.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 6.5% Asian, 4.6% from some other race, and 2. 5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.8% of the population. In 2011 the estimated median income for a household in theCity was $60,923, and the median incomes for a family was $76,612. The per capita income for the city in 2011 was $30,937. The city has a population density of 2,719.9 people per square mile (1,050.2/km²), with 37,168 housing units at an average density of 1,202.8 per squaremile (464.6/ km²) For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 95.8 males. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 38.5 years, with 22.1% under the age of 18, 9.3 percent from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 27.8 percent from 45 to 64, and 12.7 per cent who were 65 years of age or older. In 2011, the city had a median income of $ 60,365.


Nashua has three main commercial districts. The city is home to a number of technical firms, including Nashua Corporation, which took its name from the city and river. Defense contractor BAE Systems (formerly Sanders Associates), computer firm Dell, and software company Oracle Corporation are the largest representatives of the high-tech industry in the region. The Boston Air Route Traffic Control Center is in Nashua. The three-building campus that once housed a Digital Equipment Corporation software development facility was sold to the John Flatley Company, which has renamed it "NashUA Technology Park". The city's population is around 50,000 people, mostly from New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and New Jersey. It has a population of about 40,000, most of whom live in the northern part of the city, near the Massachusetts border. It is one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States, with a population growth rate of 2.7% in the last five years. It also has the highest crime rate in the U.S. and the highest murder rate in New Hampshire. The average household income in the city is about $50,000; the city has a crime rate of 1.7%. The city has the lowest unemployment rate (0.7%) in the state, with the lowest rate of unemployment at 0.8%. The average income is $30,000. The highest rate of poverty is 1.8% (2011-2012) and the lowest rates of unemployment are 1.4% (2012-2013).


Nashua has had a series of amateur, semi-professional, and professional baseball teams. The Nashua Silver Knights, part of the Futures Collegiate Baseball League of New England (FCBL), is the city's current team. Nashua is home to the Rivier University Raiders, who compete in the Great Northeast Athletic Conference (GNAC) The Spartans Drum and Bugle Corps (1997, 1998, 2004, 2007 Drum Corps International Division II Champions and 2019 Open Class Champions) is based in Nashua. The A Nashua Dodgers, the first racially integrated professional baseball team in the 20th century, played at Holman Stadium from 1998 through 2008. The American Defenders of New Hampshire were evicted from the venue in August 2009, because of non-payment of rent, and moved to Pittsfield, Massachusetts to become the Pitt'sfield Colonials. The city is also the home of Nashua High School, Nashua Middle School, and Nashua East High School. The school is a feeder school for the University of Massachusetts-New Hampshire, where the Nashua Spartans are the reigning national drum and bugle corps champions in the Division II class. The Spartans are also the defending New England Drum Corps Champions in Division II, Division I, and Division I. The Rivier Raiders are a member of the GNAC and play in the New England Collegiate Athletic Conference. They are based at Rivier Stadium, which was the site of the New Hampshire State Series in the early 1990s.


The city's government is headed by a mayor and fifteen aldermen. At the presidential level, Nashua leans strongly towards Democrats. George H. W. Bush was the last Republican presidential nominee to win Nashua in 1988. Nashua is included within New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district and is currently represented by Democrat Ann McLane Kuster in the U.S. House of Representatives. In the New Hampshire General Court, the city is represented in the House by Hillsborough County's 20th (Ward 1) and 21st (Ward 2) districts, and in the Senate by District 12 (Wards 1, 2, and 5, shared with Hollis, Mason, Brookline, Greenville, New Ipswich, and Rindge) and District 13 (wards 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, and 9) Nashua has two state senators: Republican Kevin Avard (District 12) and Democrat Cindy Rosenwald (District 34, 6-9) The city is also included within the 5th District of New Hampshire Executive Council, where it is represented by Republican Dave Wheeler. The city has nine ward alderman, one for each ward in the city, elected every two years. The mayor is elected three at a time every four years, and nine at-large alderwomen are elected three times every four year, and one every two year, with the other three elected every three years. It is located in the state's largest county, New Hampshire.


In the 2000 U.S Census, 22,700 residents over age three were enrolled in a Nashua educational institution, approximately a fourth of the city. Nashua has a number of public and charter schools. The city is home to the Bishop Guertin High School, a coeducational Catholic high school, and the Brentwood Academy, a private charter school. It is also home to Nashua Community College (NCC) and Granite State College (Granite State), which shares a campus with NCC. In May 2017, Daniel Webster College (DWC) closed its campus in Nashua, leaving the city without a community college. The Nashua school district has a total of 14 schools, including four elementary schools and two middle schools. It also has two high schools, Nashua High School South and Nashua high School North, as well as a charter school, the Academy for Science and Design (Academy for Science & Design), which is a public charter school that is open to the public. The school district also has a middle school, which is public, and an elementary school, where it is private. It has a high school and a charter college, which are both public charter schools, but the school district does not have an elementary or middle school. The high school has a co-ed high school; it was founded in 1976 and is now a private Catholic school. In the 1990s, the high school was the only one in the city that was not a private school.


Nashua was a hub for the New Hampshire trolley system in the 20th century. Public transportation is provided by the Nashua Transit System, which has nine scheduled bus routes in the city. Efforts are being made to extend the MBTA Commuter Rail's Lowell Line from Lowell to Manchester, stopping at Nashua along the way. The city is home to Nashua Airport (Boire Field), a general aviation facility. The nearest airports with scheduled airline service are ManchesterBoston Regional Airport in Manchester and Logan International Airport in Boston. In the city, there are six stations, protecting 31,259 square miles (83,259 km) of land. The fire department has 176 full-time members and is responsible for 31.9 square miles of land, protecting a population of 87,259 (2.2 km) Nashua is located in New Hampshire's largest county, with a population in excess of 1.5 million. The town is located on the Massachusetts-New Hampshire border. It is located near the New England border and is on the New York-Massachusetts border. Its population is about 1.2 million. It has a population density of about 1,000 per square mile (1,200 per square kilometer) The city has a history of being a center for the development of railroads in the U.S. and has a long history of rail service in the United States. It was once the hub of the trolleys in the state, running from Boston to Manchester and as far east as Hampton.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Nashua, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire = 42.6. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 61. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Nashua = 3.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 91,322 individuals with a median age of 39.4 age the population grows by 0.18% in Nashua, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,961.73 residents per square mile of area (1,143.52/km²). There are average 2.43 people per household in the 35,028 households with an average household income of $65,256 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.50% of the available work force and has dropped -4.04% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 24.42%. The number of physicians in Nashua per 100,000 population = 215.1.


The annual rainfall in Nashua = 43.9 inches and the annual snowfall = 60.4 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 124. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 201. 83 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 12.3 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 53, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Nashua, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire which are owned by the occupant = 55.82%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 36 years with median home cost = $193,640 and home appreciation of -5.63%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $23.37 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,550 per student. There are 15.3 students for each teacher in the school, 508 students for each Librarian and 326 students for each Counselor. 9.10% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 20.14% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 11.18% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Nashua's population in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire of 23,898 residents in 1900 has increased 3,82-fold to 91,322 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.30% female residents and 49.70% male residents live in Nashua, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire.

    As of 2020 in Nashua, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire are married and the remaining 43.86% are single population.

  • 27.3 minutes is the average time that residents in Nashua require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    83.38% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 9.11% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.45% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.71% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Nashua, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, 55.82% are owner-occupied homes, another 41.49% are rented apartments, and the remaining 2.69% are vacant.

  • The 51.75% of the population in Nashua, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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