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  •   State: 
    45°33′ N to 49° N | 116°55′ W to 124°46′ W
      Area total: 
    71,362 sq mi (184,827 km²) [45,633,414.400 acres]
      Area land: 
    66,544 sq mi (172,587 km²) [42,529,948.160 acres]
      Area water: 
    6.6% = 4,757 sq mi (12,237 km²) [3,103,466.240 acres]
    14,411 ft (4,392 m) Mount Rainier
    November 11, 1889 (42nd State in the Union)
      Capital seat: 


  • Washington, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    103/sq mi (39.6/km²) - residents per square mile of area.
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
    $725,514 (2022) nominal GDP at current prices 2022 (millions of U.S. dollars). This is equivalent to 2.92% of the U.S. national real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, or 2.91% from 2021.  10.5% change in GDP from 2022 to 2021 =  48,025. Real GDP growth rate (2021–2022) =  6.7%. Nominal GDP per capita 2022 = $93,193 respectively per capita 2023 = $97,805.
      Housing units: 
    3,314,390 units, July 1, 2022 estimate = a 3.5% increase compared to 2020, specifically 112,150 more housing units.

Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Named for George Washington, the first president of the United States, the state was made out of the western part of the Washington Territory, which was ceded by Britain in 1846 in accordance with the Oregon Treaty in the settlement of the Oregon boundary dispute. It was admitted to the Union as the 42nd state in 1889. Olympia is the state capital; the state's largest city is Seattle. Washington is sometimes referred to as Washington State, to distinguish it from Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, which is often shortened to Washington. Washington is the 18th largest state, with an area of 71,362 square miles (184,827 km²), and the 13th most populous state, with more than 7.4 million people. Approximately 60 percent of Washington's residents live in the Seattle metropolitan area, the center of transportation, business, and industry along Puget Sound, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean consisting of numerous islands, deep fjords, and bays carved out by glaciers. The remainder of the state consists of: deep temperate rainforests in the west; mountain ranges in the west, central, northeast, and far southeast; and a semi-arid basin region in the east, central, and south, given over to intensive agriculture. Washington is the second most populous state on the West Coast and in the Western United States, after California. Mount Rainier, an active stratovolcano, is the state's highest elevation, at almost 14,411 feet (4,392 meters), and is the 2nd topographically prominent mountain in the continental United States, the first being Denali in Alaska.

As shown in the given Washington location map that Washington is located in the north-west region of the United States. Washington is the state that located on the eastern Pacific coast. As shown in the Washington map that it shares its border with Oregon in the south and Idaho in the east; whereas in the north it shares its international boundary with Canada and in the west it has coastline along the Pacific coast.

The capital city of Washington is Olympia; however, about 60 percent residents of state live in Seattle metropolitan area. Seattle is the center of business, transportation, and many other industries.

The state name "Washington" is given after the name of George Washington, the first President of the United States. Since, Washington DC is the capital city of the United States; hence, to avoid the confusion, more frequently Washington is used as Washington state or infrequently the State of Washington. The climate type of Washington varies from marine type (i.e. in the western side, nearby Pacific coast) to semi-arid in the eastern part.

Go to Cape Flattery, the northwestern-most point of the continental U.S. to first, say you've been there (talk about bragging rights!) and second, see some of the world's most beautiful scenery. It's especially fun to go camping here.

The US State Washington occupies 172,121 m², about 1,88 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State Washington with 7,405,743 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 25,65 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 3,273,587 fewer people. The capital Olympia alone has 51,202 inhabitants.

Olympia was the state capital before it was even a town. Olympia was named the provisional capital in 1853 and confirmed as the official capital in 1855. Olympia wasn't incorporated as a town until 1859. Seattle has 704,352 residents and is known for being the headquarters of Starbucks, Microsoft and Amazon.

Washington is a leading lumber producer. Its rugged surface is rich in stands of Douglas fir, hemlock, ponderosa pine, white pine, spruce, larch, and cedar. The state is the biggest producer of apples, hops, pears, red raspberries, spearmint oil, and sweet cherries, and ranks high in the production of apricots, asparagus, dry edible peas, grapes, lentils, peppermint oil, and potatoes. Livestock and livestock products make important contributions to total farm revenue, and the commercial fishing of salmon, halibut, and bottomfish makes a significant contribution to the state's economy. Washington ranks second only to California in the production of wine. Manufacturing industries in Washington include aircraft and missiles, ship-building, and other transportation equipment, lumber, food processing, metals and metal products, chemicals, and machinery. Washington has over 1,000 dams, including the Grand Coulee Dam, built for a variety of purposes, including irrigation, power, flood control, and water storage. Washington is one of the wealthiest and most liberally progressive states in the United States. Washington is the northwestern-most state of the contiguous United States. It borders Idaho to the east, bounded mostly by the meridian running north from the confluence of the Snake River and Clearwater River (about 116°57' west), except for the southernmost section where the border follows the Snake River. Oregon is to the south, with the Columbia River forming the western part and the 46th parallel forming the eastern part of the Oregon-Washington border. To the west of Washington lies the Pacific Ocean. Its northern border lies mostly along the 49th parallel, and then via marine boundaries through the Strait of Georgia, Haro Strait, and Strait of Juan de Fuca, with the Canadian province of British Columbia to the north. Washington is part of a region known as the Pacific Northwest, a term which always includes Washington and Oregon, and may or may not include some or all of the following, depending on the user's intent: Idaho, western Montana, northern California, British Columbia, and Alaska. The high mountains of the Cascade Range run north-south, bisecting the state. In addition to Western Washington and Eastern Washington, residents call the two parts of the state the "West side" and "East side," "Wet side" and "Dry side," or "Timberland" and "Wheatland," the latter pair more commonly in the names of region-specific businesses and institutions. As described above, Washington's climate varies greatly from west to east. A Mediterranean Climate predominates in western Washington, and a much drier semi-arid climate prevails east of the Cascade Range. Major factors determining Washington's climate include the large semi-permanent high pressure and low pressure systems of the north Pacific Ocean, the continental air masses of North America, and the Olympic and Cascade mountains.

Washington is known under different nicknames; aka Evergreen State and detailed official information about Washington can be found on the homepage at

Poverty and median household income estimates for 2021 in Washington, WA about 755,589 individuals poverty estimate - all ages, it's 9.9% estimated percent of the total resident population of all ages in poverty: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program Release date: December 2022. SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and was formerly known as the Food Stamp Program. Estimated SNAP benefits recipients in Washington are about 949,361 individuals, for July of the reference year 2020. With a estimate of median household income = $84,155 by each individual family, with a 90% confidence interval lower bound of estimate of median household income = $83,322, with a 90% confidence interval upper bound of estimate of median household income = $84,988 in 2021.

The Air Quality index is in Washington = 57.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 48. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 73. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Washington = 2.9 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.

The annual rainfall in Washington = 36.9 inches and the annual snowfall = 17.4 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 135. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 165. 79.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 29.3 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 72, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

The most recent state population of 7,785,786 individuals with a median age of 37.4 age the population grows by 11.96% in Washington population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 103/sq mi (39.6/km²) - residents per square mile of area.. There are average 2.47 people per household in the 2,547,695 households with an average household income of $70,979 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.80% of the available work force and has dropped -2.19% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 26.82%. The number of physicians in Washington per 100,000 population = 227.4.

The percentage of housing units in Washington which are owned by the occupant = 59.76%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 30 years with median home cost = $250,870 and home appreciation of -8.85%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.38 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

The local school district spends $5,264 per student. There are 18.6 students for each teacher in the school, 509 students for each Librarian and 528 students for each Counselor. 8.05% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 18.34% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 9.25% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Washington's population of 23,955 residents in 1870 has increased 14,87-fold to 7,705,281 residents after 150 years, according to the official 2020 census. U.S. Bureau of the Census beginning in 1900. Data for 1870-1890 are on a de facto or unspecified basis; data for 1900 and later years are resident totals.

    Approximately 50.21% female residents and 49.79% male residents live in Washington, USA.

    As of 2020, 57.78% in Washington are married and the remaining 42.22% are single population.

  • 27.7 minutes is the average time that residents in Washington require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    73.38% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 12.74% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 4.63% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 4.35% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Washington, 59.76% are owner-occupied homes, another 8.18% are rented apartments, and the remaining 32.06% are vacant.

  • 30.96% of the population in Washington who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

    Since the 1860s, the two main parties have been the Republican Party (here in 2022 = 40.300%) and the Democratic Party (here in 2022 = 57.400%) of those eligible to vote in Washington.

Skyline of Washington

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Landscape of Washington